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Gorakhpur deaths: CM Adityanath orders criminal action against doctors, hospital staff, gas firm

first_imgUttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath late on Wednesday directed criminal action against the former principal of Baba Raghav Das Medical College in Gorakhpur, Rajeev Mishra, and the private agency supplying it liquid oxygen, Pushpa Sales, in connection with the death of 30 children on August 10 and 11.Criminal action would be also taken against Dr. Satish, oxygen supply in charge and HoD of the anaesthesia ward, and Dr. Kafeel Khan, in charge of nodal 100-bed AES ward in the hospital where the children died, allegedly due to disruption of oxygen supply. The government had denied that the deaths were caused by disruption of oxygen supply.An FIR is expected to be filed against the indicted doctors, hospital staff and oxygen supplying firm.Panel recommensationsMr. Adityanath issued the directions after considering the recommendations of the four-member committee under Chief Secretary Rajeev Kumar. It submitted a report to him on August 20.Though the contents of the report were not made public, the Chief Minister’s office issued an action-taken note on the report.According to a government statement, the probe committee has recommended criminal action against Mr. Mishra, Dr. Kafeel and Pushpa Sales Private Limited.The government note, however, remains silent on the specific reasons for calling the criminal action and has no mention of the deaths of the children, merely calling it the “Gorakhpur incident”. It also does not clarify if the deaths were caused due to disruption of oxygen supply or other reasons.Disciplinary actionThe committee has also recommended action against Mr. Mishra’s wife Dr. Poornima Shukla, chief pharmacist Gajanan Jaiswal and hospital accountants under the Prevention of Corruption Act.A homeopathic medical officer, Ms. Shukla has been accused of interference in the hospital adminstration and of seeking commission in purchase of surgical equipment.Disciplinary action would be further taken against Dr. Khan, Mr. Jaiswal, Mr. Mishra and other staff for irresponsible behaviour, dereliction of duty and working against the staff behavioural rules.Dr. Khan, who was suspended on charges of private practice, will face further criminal action after the probe found that he hid facts in his affidavit filed to the Chief Medical Officer of Gorakhpur and violated the rules of the Indian Medical Council.Mr. Adityanath has ordered that a special audit be conducted by the CAG into the supply of medicines and chemicals in the hospital in the last three years.He has directed that strict action be taken immediately against the guilty officials and staff and that they “not be spared at any cost,” the government said.The probe committee was asked to report the background and sequence of events, the cause of the deaths, responsibility and accountability for the deaths, suggest punitive measures against the guilty and recommendations to be made so that such deaths do not happen in future. Alok Kumar, secretary, medical and health; Mukesh Mittal, secretary, Finance department; and Dr. Hem Chandra, medical superintendent of SGPGI, were the other members of the probe team.Mr. Adityanath has directed officials to ensure there was no interruption in supply of medicine, chemicals and other essential items in medical colleges and hospitals in the State.He has told officials to take necessary action on the short-term, mid-term and long-term recommendations made by the committee to prevent such incidents in future and to improve the state of medical colleges in the State.The report has made several recommendations. As part of its suggestions, the committee has said that to meet the shortage of doctors and specialist doctors in state medical colleges, provision be made for recruitment on basis of campus interviews within six months.The committee has said that under the Japanese Encephalitis programme of the Medical and Health directorate it should be ensured that those clearing the Diploma of Child Health be posted in the paediatric intensive care unit wards.Meanwhile, the government also acted against principal secretary of the medical education department Anita Bhatnagar, transferring her to DG training. Rajnish Dube has been given additional charge of her department.In an earlier probe report, the District Magistrate of Gorakhpur, Rajeev Rautela, blamed hospital staff and adminstration for the lapse in oxygen supply while not commenting on the cause of deaths.He had also hinted at financial irregularities in the medical college while holding Pushpa Sales responsible for cutting the supply of crucial liquid oxygen.Pushpa Sales had, however, dismissed the claims of Mr. Rautela, saying it had proof to show that it did not cut supply of liquid oxygen despite pending payment amounting to nearly ₹70 lakh.last_img read more

Over a dozen injured as vehicles collide due to fog on Lucknow-Agra Expressway

first_imgAt least a dozen people were injured after dense fog led to the collision of several vehicles on the busy Lucknow-Agra Expressway here this morning, police said on Tuesday. Reduced visibility due to dense fog was stated to be the reason behind the accident, police said.“Pile-up of around a dozen vehicles took place early this morning on the Agra-Lucknow Expressway in Jogikot village under Bangarmau police station,” said Additional Superintendent of Police Ambrish Bhadauria. Around a dozen people have sustained injuries in the accident, he added.“The injured persons were administered first aid at the community health centre in Bangarmau, and were subsequently sent home,” he informed.last_img read more

Centre plans connectivity push on China border

first_imgThe ‘invasion’ of Chinese radio channels has made the Centre plan installation of optical fibre cables (OFC) in areas bordering China.The OFC push is expected to arm civilians and defence personnel with cellular and radio connectivity strong enough to counter the Chinese waves, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in Arunachal Pradesh’s capital, Itanagar, on Tuesday.Ms. Sitharaman said she experienced poor communication network during her recent visit to Kibithoo, the last border village in Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjaw district. “I came to know people in the area access Chinese radio frequency but not All India Radio,” she said.“We will soon start work on extension of OFC in the remote border areas. The Union Cabinet discussed the issue 10 days ago and sanctioned additional funds,” Ms. Sitharaman, in the frontier State to highlight the achievements of the four-year-old Narendra Modi government, said.The Defence Minister also said the government was trying to recruit more women in the armed forces from border areas. “I am considering permanent commission to women in the defence forces, but the issue is caught in a legal battle,” she said.Women in the forces who did not get permanent commission had approached the court some time ago.Ms. Sitharaman, however, declined to comment on reports about mining activities by China near the border with Arunachal Pradesh. “I do not have the details and cannot say anything at this point of time,” she said.last_img read more

SC restrains media in Bihar shelter home case

first_imgThe Supreme Court on Thursday placed a blanket ban on the media showing images, even in a morphed form, of the victims of rape at a shelter home in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district.Taking cognisance of the sexual abuse at the shelter home run by a State-funded NGO, a Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta directed the media not to interview the victims.The Bench took up the case after Ranvijay Kumar from Patna wrote to the court about repeated media interviews with the victims.The Bench remarked that courts have repeatedly said a victim of sexual offence should not be made to relive the trauma. In this case, the victims were made to go through it again and again, the Bench said.Calling it “extremely disturbing,” the Bench issued notice to the Centre and the Bihar government seeking their responses.“Why should a child be interviewed at all? Will the interviewer or the person holding the camera appear in the witness box? Never,” the bench remarked.Advocate Aparna Bhat, who was appointed amicus curiae in the matter, requested the court to give a direction that there should not be any media interview with the alleged victims.“What about freedom of speech and expression? Media will then say that the Supreme Court is banning them,” the bench said.Additional Solicitor General (ASG) Tushar Mehta, appearing for the Centre, said a minor must be insulated from such interviews.The bench said it had not restrained the police from conducting a probe. If they wanted to question the alleged victims, they would have to take the assistance of professional counsellors and qualified child psychiatrist, in consultation with the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences in Bengaluru and the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in Mumbai.The bench wanted to know whether the victims had been given compensation. It posted the case for further hearing on August 7.last_img read more

20 Kolhapur corporators face disqualification

first_imgThe membership of 20 corporators of the Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC) are to be scrapped following a Supreme Court ruling making it mandatory for members to submit their caste validity certificates within six months of their being elected.The apex court upheld a December 2016 ruling by the Bombay High Court stating that corporators failing to file valid caste certificates within six months of being elected should be disqualified.The affected corporators include 11 from the Congress-NCP coalition which controls the 81-member KMC, eight from the BJP-Tararani Aghadi alliance which forms the main opposition, and one from the Shiv Sena. Of the 11 three – Hasina Faras, Niyaz Khan and Ashwini Ramane — are former mayors of the KMC.The Supreme Court ruling is likely to see more disqualifications across the State in civic bodies, municipal councils and grampanchayat samitis.Once the corporators are disqualified, the SEC is likely to announce by-elections to these 20 wards. This could affect the fortunes of the ruling Congress-NCP coalition in the KMC whose strength could be whittled down.“It is not the fault of corporators. They have adhered to the norms laid down by the SEC, but are made to suffer owing to the tardiness of the caste certificate verification committee in completing their scrutiny,” said Congress leader from Kolhapur Satej Patil.last_img read more

Assam NRC: Public interest is safe with us, says Centre

first_imgThe Supreme Court on Wednesday refused to share the confidential reports of Assam NRC Co-ordinator Prateek Hajela with the Union government. A Bench of Justices Ranjan Gogoi and Rohinton Nariman said it would not be in public interest.This prompted Attorney-General of India K.K. Venugopal to tell the Bench that public interest was as much the Centre’s concern as it was of the two judges on the Bench. “Public interest is as safe in the hands of the Union government as it is in the hands of Your Lordships,” he told the Bench.“Who has doubted it? If not safer,” was Justice Gogoi’s tongue-in-cheek reply.Justice Gogoi said there are sensitive materials in the confidential reports which are not in public interest to disclose. Again, some of the information was given by a public officer, whose identity cannot be revealed. Disclosure of the reports at this point of time would not only impede the work on the Assam National Register of Citizens, but could further dissuade the officer concerned from offering information in future, Justice Gogoi told Mr. Venugopal.“At this stage, the reports should remain with us,” Justice Gogoi observed, agreeing to consider the matter further during the next hearing on October 23.last_img read more

PM to open Buddhist site museum at Lalitgiri in Odisha

first_imgOne of the earliest Buddhist settlements in Odisha, Lalitgiri, where excavations have yielded ancient seals and inscriptions, has been converted into a museum. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the museum through video conference from Bhubaneswar on Monday. Located in Cuttack district, it will be the third site museum of the Bhubaneswar circle of the Archaeological Survey of India after Ratnagiri and Konrak, said Nandini Bhattacharya Sahu, Regional Director of ASI (Eastern Circle). The museum complex is spread over 4,750 sq. m. The building and auditorium are built over 1,310 sq. m. The complex has been constructed at a cost of ₹10 crore.Excavations at Lalitgiri have yielded the remains of four monasteries, showing cultural continuity from the post-Mauryan period till the 13th century CE. The centre of attraction is a relic casket containing corporal remains found inside the Mahastupta. “Huge sculptures of Buddha, architectural fragments of Viharas and Chaityas are arranged period-wise. . The central gallery is designed after a Buddha Mandala with a colossal Buddha image at the centre and six Bodhisattva images surrounding it,” said Arun Malik, Archaeologist, ASI (Bhubaneswar Circle).last_img read more

Centre sets up panel to assess how to reserve seats in assembly, local bodies for Assamese

first_imgThe Centre has set up a high-level committee to assess the appropriate level of reservation of seats in the Assam Assembly and local bodies for the Assamese people, besides providing other safeguards. The move came days after the Union Cabinet took a decision in this effect as per the 1985 Assam Accord.The committee will be headed by headed by former Union tourism secretary M.P. Bezbaruah. In a notification, the Home Ministry said the committee will examine the effectiveness of actions taken since 1985 to implement Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.“The committee will assess the appropriate level of reservation of seats in Assam Legislative Assembly and local bodies for the Assamese people.“The committee will recommend the appropriate level of reservations in employment under the government of Assam for the Assamese people,” the notification said. The notification said the panel will also hold discussions with various stakeholders, including social organisations, legal and constitutional experts, eminent persons from the field of art, culture and literature, conservationists, economists, linguists and sociologists. It will suggest measures to be taken to protect Assamese and other indigenous languages of Assam.The committee can also suggest any other measures, as may be necessary, to protect, preserve and promote cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.It will submit its report within six months from the date of notification (January 5).The panel will be facilitated by the Noth East Division of the Home Ministry and the state government will provide necessary administrative and logistic support to the committee. The clause 6 of the Accord states: “Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people“.Besides, Bezbarauah, a retired IAS officer, the members of the panel are: former IAS officer Subhash Das, Nagen Saikia, former President, Assam Sahitya Sabha, Dhiren Bezbaruah, former editor of The Sentinel, Mukunda Rajbangshi, educationalist, Ramesh Borpatragohain, advocate general of Assam, Rongbong Terang, former president of the Assam Sahitya Sabha, and one representative of the All Assam Students’ Union. The joint secretary in the Home Ministry will be member secretary.last_img read more

Holding timely elections in J-K will be test for Modi, says Omar Abdullah

first_imgHolding elections in Jammu and Kashmir will be a test of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s handling of Kashmir over the last five years, National Conference leader Omar Abdullah said on Monday.“Will the Modi government bow before those forces of separatism & terror that have always sought to disrupt/delay polls in J&K or will polls take place on schedule? The moment of truth for PM Modi’s handling of Kashmir over the last 5 years,” Mr. Abdullah wrote on his Twitter handle. The former chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir was reacting to media reports that the Election Commission of India will take a call on holding Assembly polls together with the Lok Sabha election after a visit to the state this week. Mr. Abdullah said that except for an odd by-election, all elections in Jammu and Kashmir since 1995-96 have been held as per schedule.“Will PM Modi be able to keep to this schedule or will he accept he’s totally mishandled J&K? The next few days will give us the answer,” he added.last_img read more

ScienceShot: The Most Common Tree in the Amazon

first_imgThe Amazon remains a mystery to botanists, who haven’t known how many kinds of trees live in the extremely diverse forests or even what species is most common. Turns out, it’s a slender palm called Euterpe precatoria. After counting up tree species from 1170 research sites studied by hundreds of scientists, a team extrapolated the number likely to exist across the entire region. They estimate that Amazonia has about 16,000 species of trees (although they admit the statistical model has some problems, such as not accounting for environmental preferences of various species). Remarkably, half of all the trees belong to only 227 species that dominate in various regions, probably because they resist diseases and herbivores, such as insects. Others may have been planted by humans before Europeans arrived. Many species—11,000—are extremely rare, accounting for a mere 0.12% of trees. Half of these are probably rare enough to be considered globally threatened and may go extinct before they are discovered.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

Graft Probe in Scientific Community Widens in Southern China

first_imgBEIJING—A corruption probe has so far snared more than 50 scientists and research administrators in Guangdong, one of China’s wealthiest provinces.On Friday, a Guangdong government website revealed that the provincial science bureau’s former deputy director, Wang Kewei, was under investigation for “serious violation” of antigraft regulations. The bureau’s director, Li Xinghua, was removed from his post and stripped of Communist Party membership last month. Among other stings, 21 employees of the science department of Foshan city in December were charged with skimming money from government R&D subsidies intended for local companies.Guangdong’s prosperity made it a tempting target for graft. In 2012, provincial Chinese governments spent 224 billion yuan (about $36 billion) on science and technology; Guangdong alone spent nearly $4 billion, a disproportionately large share. The Guangdong Science and Technology Department’s budget that year was a hefty $623 million.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The Guangdong corruption probes may herald a new era of more stringent oversight of China’s research funds, says Cao Cong, an expert on Chinese science policy at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. “I think the current national leadership is very serious about corruption; they really want to crack down,” Cao says. And the central government appears to be increasingly concerned about the return on its S&T investment, now second only to the United States. “If China spends so much money, why haven’t we achieved more significant accomplishments?” Cao says. “Part of the reason may be that much of the money is stolen.”last_img read more

ScienceShot: Want to Understand This Article?

first_imgDoes reading faster mean reading better? That’s what speed-reading apps claim, promising to boost not just the number of words you read per minute, but also how well you understand a text. There’s just one problem: The same thing that speeds up reading actually gets in the way of comprehension, according to a new study. When you read at your natural pace, your eyes move back and forth across a sentence, rather than plowing straight through to the end. Apps like Spritz or the aptly named Speed Read are built around the idea that these eye movements, called saccades, are a redundant waste of time. It’s more efficient, their designers claim, to present words one at a time in a fixed spot on a screen, discouraging saccades and helping you get through a text more quickly. This method, called rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), has been controversial since the 1980s, when tests showed it impaired comprehension, though researchers weren’t quite sure why. With a new crop of speed-reading products on the market, psychologists decided to dig a bit more and uncovered a simple explanation for RSVP’s flaw: Every so often, we need to scan backward and reread for a better grasp of the material. Researchers demonstrated that need by presenting 40 college students with ambiguous, unpunctuated sentences (“While the man drank the water that was clear and cold overflowed from the toilet”) while following their subjects’ gaze with an eye-tracking camera. Half the time, the team crossed out words participants had already read, preventing them from rereading (“xxxxx xxx xxx drank the water …”). Following up with basic yes-no questions about each sentence’s content, they found that comprehension dropped by about 25% in trials that blocked rereading versus those that didn’t, the researchers report online this month in Psychological Science. Crucially, the drop was about the same when subjects could, but simply hadn’t, reread parts of a sentence. Nor did the results differ much when using ambiguous sentences or their less confusing counterparts (“While the man slept the water …”). Turns out rereading isn’t a waste of time—it’s essential for understanding.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

What you don’t know about your cat’s litter … probably won’t hurt you

first_imgSAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA—Fifteen-year-old Wesley Wolf’s foray into scientific research began 2 years ago with a simple question: Does the type of litter my cats use affect how many bacteria they traipse around the house? Wolf, then a 7th-grader in Georgetown, Ohio, asked his mom, a veterinarian, if he could run an experiment with some of the animals in her clinic. With the permission of their owners, he placed three different kinds of litter into the cages of 30 cats: clay litter, clumping litter, and torn-up newspaper. Then, after 24 and 48 hours, Wolf pressed a paw from each cat onto a petri dish filled with nutrients and waited to see what grew. The type of litter didn’t make a difference, he reported in a poster presentation here today at the annual meeting of AAAS (which publishes Science); all cats harbored about the same number of bacteria on their paws. (Wolf says he wasn’t able to assess their virulence.) “So if owners are worried about which litter to use, they should just go with what’s cheapest or most convenient,” he says. Wolf’s finding may not seem like a revelation, but it has impressed judges nationwide. His was only one of 139 student posters selected from state competitions to appear at the meeting, as part of the American Junior Academy of Sciences. The work has inspired him to pursue a Ph.D. in microbiology after he graduates high school. As for the appeal of his kitty litter study, he chalks some of it up to the relatively rigorous science—and the rest to his chosen test subject: “Cats are a common pet, so it’s relevant to many peoples’ lives.”Check out our full coverage of the AAAS annual meeting.What message would you send into space? Tell us on Twitter and Vine with #msgtospace!Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

Fake Doctors

first_imgUnqualified medics, popularly known as quacks, are routinely arrested in India for posing as doctors. But a charity is now trying to train them in primary medical care. Related Itemslast_img

Vijay Mallya to return to UK court as extradition trial begins

first_imgRead it at Live Mint Related Itemslast_img

Chetna Gala Sinha: The feminist banker who will co-chair Davos meet

first_imgFrom the firebrand socialism of Jayaprakash Narayan to a feminist volunteer from the Forum Against Oppression of Women to setting up the country’s first bank for and by rural women in Maharashtra, Chetna Gala Sinha has always been drawn toward the underprivileged.Starting next week, she plans to take their muffled voices to arguably the biggest global assembly she has ever been to – the annual week-long jamboree in the Swiss Alps for the global jet set, known popularly as the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos.  Read it at Economic Times Related Itemslast_img read more

Troubles of Indian-based Wireless Giant May be SA’s Gain

first_imgBharti Airtel Ltd. is looking to pare $4.6 billion from its net borrowings over the next three years by listing its African unit and potentially selling some stake in its tower business, according to a person with knowledge of the matter, in a bid to safeguard its investment grade ratings.India’s top wireless operator plans to raise as much as $1.5 billion by listing a quarter of equity in its Africa unit by early 2019 in either London or South Africa, the person said, asking not to be identified as the information isn’t public. The parent will also look to sell part of its stake in the $14.6 billion tower giant after Bharti Infratel Ltd. merges with Indus Towers Ltd.Read it at BizNews Related Itemslast_img read more

Iran Offers On-Arrival Visa to Indian Citizens

first_imgIran is to start granting visas on arrival to Indian citizens as of July 23.As per a recent directive issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Indian travelers can obtain visas on arrival in all 12 international airports in Iran, reads a letter sent from the Civil Aviation Organization to airport directors and airline companies.Read it at Financial Tribune Related Itemslast_img

Indian Government Invites Nominations for Web-Wonder Women. Indian-Origin Women Anywhere in the World Eligible

first_imgAiming to discover and celebrate exceptional achievements of women who have been driving positive agenda of social change via social media, Indian Ministry of Women and Child Development has launched an online campaign ‘Web-Wonder Women’.The campaign, launched on Wednesday, initiated by the WCD ministry and partnered by Twitter and Breakthrough focuses on recognizing the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive and niche campaigns to steer a change in society.Read it at INEN Related Itemslast_img read more

Offshoring Companies Take Political Hit

first_imgDemocrats are denouncing the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s political advertising campaign this election season for being funded by foreigners.A progressive policy group ThinkProgress has complained, “The Chamber’s anti-American jobs agenda serves not only the profit-seeking of right-wing corporate executives in the United States, but also works to send jobs overseas to outsourcing companies, who are some of the dozens of foreign corporations that pay member dues to the Chamber of Commerce’s 501c(6) account, which is used to fund its political ads.”Think Progress identified several Indian companies and their donations among the chamber’s foreign contributors: InfoSys, Bangalore, India $15,000 KPIT Cummins, Pune, India $7,500 Patni Americas, Mumbai, India $15,000 NIIT Technologies, Delhi, India $15,000 Rolta, Mumbai, India $7,500 SKP Crossborder Consulting, Mumbai, India $7,500 Tata Group, Mumbai, India $15,000 Wipro, Bangalore, India $15,000ThinkProgress said in its report, “Perhaps the Chamber should actually start working toward that goal of creating jobs in America, instead of promoting the offshoring agenda of its foreign sponsors.”  Related Itemslast_img read more